In this video, the Penny Press Puzzle Lady, AKA Linda M. Mitchell, will be showing you how to solve a Pairs puzzle from the Penny Press Variety Puzzles magazine. Use two sets of the same two letters to solve the puzzle. Come on! Let's shake up our brains and test our word knowledge. You'll enjoy a wonderful feeling of satisfaction and achievement after you have solved the puzzle.
When Thokozani Mkhize was growing up in South Africa in the 1990s, she devoured storybooks from all over the world. She read Chinese myths and Greek legends. There were Hans Christian Andersen fairy tales and “Goosebumps” novels.
The one thing she never read though were South African stories.
“At the time I wasn’t really thinking, why do none of these characters look like me?” she says. “But as I grew up, I realized there was a gap.”
The Five Pillars of Family Literacy are evidence-based statements about literacy that have been curated from a school principal, poverty expert, renowned reading expert, economists and a social mobility study. The Metro East Literacy Project activities are based on these pillars. Let's look at Pillar Five.
Children who grew up in a home with more than 500 books spent three years longer in school than children whose parents had only a few books. Also, a child whose parents have lots of books is nearly 20 percent more likely to finish college…Even a relatively small number of books can make a difference; a child whose family has 25 books will, on average, complete two more years of school than a child whose family is sadly book-less. --Research in Social Stratification and Mobility study (Elsevier)
I visited a lovely teen mom on one of my parent educator visits. She invited me upstairs to see a closet that was packed with designer baby clothes her friends had given her at the baby shower. Sadly, no one thought to give her books to read to her infant son. Books are the best gifts the baby could have received. The clothes sure were cute, but they would not help the baby's brain development like books would do. I made sure to give the mom baby books on my next visits.
Another time I visited two polar opposite homes of two-year-olds. One family had an entire living room wall lined with bookshelves from floor to ceiling. I noticed many different genres of books. They also had a low shelf of children's books their two-year-old daughter could reach. Across town, another family I visited did not have any books in the home. The only printed material I noticed was a cereal box. The young mom sat on the couch with her infant son on her lap. The grandmother, mom's two-year-old son, and her young adult brother were all gathered in the living room playing a video game. That day I witnessed two contrasting home literacy cultures. What might be the educational outcomes of these two-year-olds?
Simply having books in the home does not guarantee that a child will grow up to be successful in school and in life and gain social mobility. There are a plethora of other factors that influence life outcomes. But why not stack the odds in the family's favor by adding books to the home whenever and however possible? What does a family have to lose? Who knows what possibilities and potential will be unlocked when the parents not only read to the children but also read for themselves? If the research says having books in the home is beneficial, why not try it? It could be an empowering move that transforms the whole family culture.
Is the school to prison pipeline for real? It was for Milton Rucker. He wasn’t a good reader when he was a kid. He dropped out of high school and chose a life of crime. In this video, Milton talks about the consequences of choosing "criminal thinking" over school. But things changed for him as he embraced literacy in prison.
No one is marching in the streets to protest one of St. Louis’ biggest problems — even though the area’s crime rate, employee pool and health outcomes are all affected.
But it’s a hard truth: St. Louis schools struggle to teach kids, especially Black kids, to read. In some city schools, fewer than 10% of third-graders test proficient in reading.
But it’s not just schools in poor neighborhoods.
Literacy StatisticsCurated from www.begintoread.com/research/literacystatistics.html
According to the literacy fast facts from the National Assessment of Adult Literacy (NAAL), literacy is defined as "using printed and written information to function in society, to achieve one's goals, and to develop one's knowledge and potential."
"One measure of literacy is the percentage of adults who perform at four achievement levels: Below Basic, Basic, Intermediate, and Proficient. In each type of literacy, 13 percent of adults were at or above Proficient (indicating they possess the skills necessary to perform complex and challenging literacy activities) in 2003. Twenty-two percent of adults were Below Basic (indicating they possess no more than the most simple and concrete literacy skills) in quantitative literacy, compared with 14 percent in prose literacy and 12 percent in document literacy."
Literacy statistics worldwide
The Five Pillars of Family Literacy are evidence-based statements about literacy that have been curated from a school principal, poverty expert, renowned reading expert, economists and a social mobility study. The Metro East Literacy Project activities are based on these pillars. Let's look at Pillar Four.
What seems to be more important than involvement and coming to school by parents is whether parents provide insistence, expectations, and support at home. Perhaps we need to rethink the focus of parent training. --Ruby K. Payne, Ph.D., author of A Framework for Understanding Poverty (aha! Process, Inc.)
The recipe for educating a child contains many ingredients to be successful. Parent training is one of them. Parent training is making the parents aware of the supports they can provide at home to help the child succeed in school. I listed some of those in the last article on Pillar Number Three about home-based inputs. Click the link here to read.
When I was a parent educator doing home visits, I found one thing to be true: parents love their children. To the best of their ability, they want to do what is best to help their kids thrive. If I told a parent to put their newborn baby on their back for safe sleep, the parents were now aware and happy to comply. If I told a parent to remove certain foods, toys, and other small objects from toddlers to prevent choking hazards, the parents were now aware and happy to comply. Parents did not resist the advice and resources I provided, because they had reached out and asked for help from my organization. They sought the training.
Education works best when we all help each other. Teachers can help the children. Parents can help the children and the teachers. Administrators can help the school run smoothly. And children can and do help each other. It all works in a healthy symbiotic relationship that avoids blaming one another. When parents accept their responsibility in the cycle of education, that's not blame: that's empowerment. They may advocate for their children at school, but they have the most power at home, the original training center. I think that's what poverty expert Dr. Ruby Payne meant when she said to focus on parent training.
The Five Pillars of Family Literacy are evidence-based statements about literacy that have been curated from a school principal, poverty expert, renown reading expert, economists and a social mobility study. The Metro East Literacy Project activities are based on these pillars. Let's look at Pillar Three.
A mountain of recent evidence suggests that teacher skill has less influence on a student’s performance than a completely different set of factors: namely, how much kids have learned from their parents…if these home-based inputs are lacking, there is only so much a school can do. --Economists Steven D. Levitt and Stephen J. Dubner, authors of Think Like a Freak (William Morrow)
Reading a bedtime story. Exposing a child to different experiences, such as going to a museum. Setting up a regular time and space to do homework. Getting a public library card and visiting often. Showing an interest in what the child is learning in school and talking about it. Having books in the home. Talking to the child about the words they see around them, such as a stop sign. Enrolling the child in a book club. Reading books in front of the child for your own education and entertainment. Taking advantage of teachable moments from media. Viewing educational television. The list goes on. What can you add?
Teachers are extremely valuable. They work hard to give children the tools they need to be successful in school and in life. I know. I was a teacher. Schools focus on school-based solutions to tackle sticky educational problems like low third grade reading proficiency because they have no sway over the homes. But the home is the powerhouse and the first seat of literacy transformation. Parents are the first and most influential teachers. I am not naive enough to believe that every home is able or willing to engage in home-based inputs. But as economists Levitt and Dubner stated, if a teacher has less influence than a parent, educators should encourage parents as much as possible to do home-based inputs.
In this video snippet, Ruth Ezell, a popular Nine Network television personality in St. Louis, talks about the home-based inputs she grew with. For the full interview, visit the Literacy is Liberation! YouTube channel.
Above everything, parents must allow their children to see them reading. It is one thing to tell children the importance of reading, but it is quite another thing for them to actually see their parents enthusiastically gaining new information and insight from the printed page. In other words, parents must serve as the models that they want their children to become. --Principal Baruti K. Kafele, author of A Black Parent’s Handbook to Educating Your Children (Outside the Classroom) (Baruti Publishing)
Kids are not reading well because there is no reading culture in the home. Oftentimes little kids will mimic or imitate what they see their parents do. We have all seen how a little kid will play in a pretend kitchen and copy what they’ve seen the adults do. I remember being a little kid and there was a popular candy called candy cigarettes. What were we thinking? What a terrible product! But as kids we knew how to pretend we were smoking the candy cigarettes because we imitated our parents. What if we imitated our parents reading books? Even if parents can’t read, they can browse through books, magazines and newspapers. That’s what my illiterate grandmother did. Later on, when my mom and uncle grew up, they learned that Momma couldn’t read, and they helped her. Kids watch what their parents do. Parents can create a culture of reading in the home by reading themselves, and maybe, the little kids will copy what they see.
Library lover. Vocabulary nerd. Walker. Swimmer. Dancer. Wife. Mother. Grandmother. Word Puzzle Solver. Lover of Jesus and worship. Lover of people more than things. Lover of sunrises and sunsets more than artificial beauty.